REPLY: It doesn't. What the FCC Rules do say is that a group of Radio Amateurs can only function as a RACES unit under the control of a properly constituted Civil Defense agency. (Reference: FCC 97.163a, 97.169b, 97.175, and 197.177.) The RACES unit remains an Amateur Radio group performing a unique communications service for a particular civil defense agency. By its nature as a service to local government under local government supervision, activation, and authority it becomes, in effect, a quasi-governmental function.
The FCC Rules do require that an Amateur Radio operator have a copy of the latest Rules. The FCC rules do not require any local government, however, to use the RACES or any Amateur Radio operators. Those who serve consider it an honor and a privilege.
--- Stan Harter, CA State ARS Coordinator, KH6GBX